Throughout a man’s life, his prostate may become larger and start to cause problems as he ages. But what are some of those problems? How do I know if I have BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia)? When should I see a doctor? What kinds of tests will my doctor perform? The following should help answer these questions as well as others.
Dr. Shaw starts off with a simple questionnaire to understand your symptoms. Sometimes, the solution is simple, with a few dietary and lifestyle adjustments. For others with more moderate symptoms, it still may be as easy as taking a small tablet in the evening to shrink or relax the prostate. Symptomatic relief can be as fast as overnight for some. For others with a significantly enlarged prostate that squeezes the urine tube, much like stepping on a garden hose, surgery may be required. But rest easy, the surgery is much easier than it was just a few years ago! The advance of lasers and other techniques often makes this an outpatient surgery.
BPH Enlarged Prostate Information
What is the prostate?
What is BPH?
What are some of the risk factors for BPH?
What are some of the symptoms associated with BPH?
How is BPH diagnosed?
- prostate specific antigen (PSA), a blood test to screen for prostate cancer
- urinary cytology, a urine test to screen for bladder cancer
- a measurement of post-void residual volume (PVR), the amount of urine left in the bladder after urinating
- uroflowmetry, or urine flow study, a measure of how fast urine flows when a man urinates
- cystoscopy, a direct look in the urethra and/or bladder using a small flexible scope
- urodynamic pressure-flow study that tests the pressures inside the bladder during urination
- ultrasound of the kidney or the prostate
When should I see a doctor about BPH?
Is BPH a rare condition?
Does BPH lead to prostate cancer?
No, BPH is not cancer and cannot lead to cancer, although both conditions can exist together. There are usually no symptoms during the early stages of prostate cancer, and so yearly physical examinations and PSA tests are highly recommended to eliminate cancer diagnosis.
Are there risks in not seeking treatment for BPH?
Which type of drugs are the best?
How do I know if oral medications are the best treatment for me?
How are the urinating symptoms secondary to BPH diagnosed?
What are some of the medical treatments available for BPH?
When is surgical treatment suggested as a form of treatment?
What are the different surgical treatments available?
What can be expected after treatment?
Table 2: Immediate post-operative complications
Table 3: Late post-operative complications