Swollen Testicle: Should I Be Worried? What Are the Causes?

June 17, 2021

Although testicular cancer is rare, screening by a doctor is recommended annually for all men, but especially those between the ages of 14 and 55. This is a routine exam checking for any lumps, bumps or abnormalities in the testicles. Monthly self exams are encouraged, however, it does not replace an annual exam by your urologist.

What if, during your annual exam with your doctor or during a monthly self exam you find that your testicle is swollen?

What does a swollen testicle mean and should you be worried?

Any change in the testicle warrants a visit to the doctor. It’s not always bad news, as testicular cancer is rare with fewer than 20,000 cases per year. However, testicular swelling can be caused by a number of health conditions that may need treatment.  Swelling happens when fluid starts to build up around the testicle or in other parts of the scrotum.

Swollen testicle causes can include:

-Injury to the testicle
-Varicocele (enlarged veins in the scrotum)
-Hydrocele (fluid filled sac around the testicle)
-Testicular cancer

Causes of your testicular swelling can be determined by exam, imaging and lab work and are treatable medically or surgically.

If it’s time for your annual testicular screening contact Austin Urology Institute at 512.694.8888 for a consultation with a provider.