Prostatitis Diet: How Nutrition Affects Chronic Prostatitis
March 23, 2023
Prostatitis and Diet
Prostatitis is a condition that affects the prostate gland, which is a small gland located between the bladder and the penis in men. It can cause a range of symptoms, including pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen or back, painful urination, and difficulty urinating.
While there are several causes of prostatitis, including bacterial infections, nonbacterial inflammation, and nerve damage, diet can also play a role in the development and management of the condition. Making dietary changes can help alleviate the symptoms of prostatitis and improve overall prostate health.
Foods to include in a prostatitis diet:
- Cruciferous vegetables: Vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, kale, and Brussels sprouts contain beta-carotene and can have anti-inflammatory effects, benefiting prostate health problems, including prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). These vegetables can be consumed in a variety of ways, including steamed, roasted, or sautéed.
- Fruits: Berries are high in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals and can boost immune function. Fruits like blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries are all great options for a prostatitis diet. However, avoid acidic citrus fruits such as oranges and grapefruits if they exacerbate your prostatitis symptoms.
- Herbal teas: Green tea, in particular, has been found in studies to improve urine flow and decrease urological inflammation. Other herbal teas like chamomile and peppermint can also be beneficial for soothing inflammation and reducing pain.
- High-quality protein: Lean protein sources like chicken, fish, and tofu can help build and repair tissues, which is important for healing and recovery.
- Zinc-rich foods: Studies support that zinc is helpful for prostatitis. Foods high in zinc include nuts, seeds, shellfish, meat, and eggs.
- Omega-3 fatty acids and healthy fats: Foods like fatty fish, nuts, and olive oil contain healthy fats that can help to reduce inflammation and improve overall prostate health.
- Tomatoes: Tomatoes contain an antioxidant called lycopene, which may benefit prostate gland cells. Lycopene is more readily available in cooked tomatoes, so consider incorporating tomato sauce, tomato paste, or roasted tomatoes into your diet.
- Foods high in fiber: Constipation can be painful if you have an inflamed prostate. Foods high in fiber like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables can help to prevent constipation and improve digestive health.
Foods to avoid in a prostatitis diet:
- Caffeine: Caffeine can irritate the bladder and worsen symptoms of prostatitis. It is important to limit your caffeine intake by avoiding coffee, tea, and caffeinated beverages like soda and energy drinks.
- Alcohol: Drinking alcohol can also irritate the bladder and exacerbate symptoms of prostatitis. It is best to avoid alcohol or limit your intake to no more than one drink per day.
- Spicy Foods: Spicy foods contain capsaicin, which can increase rectal sensitivity in men with irritable bowel syndrome. This can exacerbate prostatitis symptoms, so it is best to avoid spicy foods.
- High sodium foods: High sodium intake may increase urinary tract symptoms that are linked with prostate disease. It is best to limit your intake of salty foods and choose low-sodium alternatives instead.
- Gluten: Gluten is a common food intolerance that can cause inflammation. A gluten-free diet may help to relieve prostatitis symptoms, so consider eliminating gluten-containing foods like wheat, barley, and rye.
We aren’t just one of Austin’s best urologists, we also have a great nutrition team! If you are experiencing prostatitis symptoms and are looking for an Austin nutritionist who can guide you towards better health, look no further. Our urology practice focuses on preventative intervention and we always prefer a natural solution. Get in touch today.
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